Home » Kehamilan, Kesehatan Bayi / Anak

Kekurangan Asam Folat pada ibu hamil dapat menyebabkan cacat pada bayi

5 February 2009 35 Comments

Kekurangan Asam Folat pada ibu hamil, berdasarkan penelitian, bisa menyebabkan terjadinya kecacatan pada bayi yang dilahirkan. Bayi mengalami kecacatan pada otak dan sumsum tulang belakang.

Menurut dr. Noroyono Wibowo SpOG, kepala subbagian Fetomaternal Departemen Obestetri dan Ginekologi Fakultas Kedokteran Universitas Indonesia (FKUI), dalam Semiloka Manfaat Asam Folat yang diselenggarakan di Jakarta beberapa waktu lalu, Asam Folat merupakan Enzim yang memproduksi DNA (Deoxyribose Nucleic Acid).

Asam Folat juga penting dalam membantu pembelahan sel. Asal Folat juga bisa mencegah Anemia dan menurunkan resiko terjadinya NTD (Neural Tube Effects) dan sebagai antidepresan.

Sering kali para ibu tidak menyadari dirinya kekurangan Asam Folat karena sebagian besar kehamilan terjadi tanpa direncanakan. “Kebanyakan Pasutri (Pasangan Suami Istri) tidak pernah merencanakan kehamilan, tahu-tahu ibu langsung hamil setelah telat datang bulan. Mereka baru datang ke dokter setelah positif hamil beberapa minggu”.

Karena itu, ibu sering tidak membekali diri dengan gizi yang mencukupi ketika sebelum dan sesudah melahirkan. “Kalau kehamilan direncanakan, maka ia akan mempersiapkan gizi yang baik sebelum hamil karena kebutuhan Asam Folat harus disiapkan sejak sebelum kehamilan”.

Di Indonesia sendiri belum ada data pasti berapa prevalensi adanya penyakit kelainan sumsum tulang belakang. “Jumlah angka kematian bayi di Indonesia masih relatif tinggi. Kematian bayi ini masih belum diidentifikasikan penyebabnya karena belum adanya data. Salah satu penyebab kematian adalah kekurangan Asam Folat”, ujar Bowo.

Kekurangan Asam Folat menyebabkan bayi lahir dengan Bibir Sumbing, Bayi lahir dengan berat badan rendah, Down’s Syndrome, dan Keguguran. “Bayi mengalami kelainan pembuluh darah, rusaknya endotel pipa yang melapisi pembuluh darah, menyebabkan lepasnya plasenta sebelum waktunya”.

Kelainan lainnya adalah bayi mengalami gangguan buang air besar dan kecil, anak tidak bisa berjalan tegak dan emosi tinggi. Pada anak perempuan, saat dewasa tidak mengalami menstruasi. Pada ibu hamil, kekurang Asam Folat menyebabkan meningkatnya resiko Anemia, sehingga ibu mudah lelah, letih, lesu dan pucat.

Sumber makanan yang mengandung Asam Folat dalah Hati Sapi (liver), brokoli, jeruk, bayam, dan sebagainya. “Roti dan Susu juga mengandung Asam Folat tinggi karena kini susu dan tepung terigu telah difortifikasi mengandung Asam Folat”, jelas dr. Tim Green PhD dan Department of Human Nutrition University of Otago New Zealand. Hanya saja, hati sapi mengandung vitamin A cukup tinggi yang tidak dianjurkan diberikan kepada ibu hamil karena dapat menyebabkan gangguan kahamilan, oleh sebab itu digantikan oleh Susu.

Kebutuhan Asam Folat untuk ibu hamil dan usia subur sebanyak 400 mikrogram/hari atau sama dengan 2 (dua) Gelas Susu. “Mengkonsumsi Asam Folat tidak hanya ketika hamil, tetapi sebelum hamil juga sangat dianjurkan. Banyak negara telah melakukan kebijakan dalam pengurangan NTD dengan memwajibkan ibu mengkonsumsi Asam Folat”. [ibuhamil.com]

sumber: Media Indonesia 4 Februari 2005

Bila informasi ini bermanfaat, share informasi ini melalui FB atau twitter. Tekan tombol ini untuk berbagi informasi
  • Facebook
  • Twitter

35 Comments »

  • Informasi hamil said:

    Wow! what an idea ! What a concept ! Beautiful .. Amazing

  • anton said:

    ayah………ni ttg asam folat

  • eni anggraini said:

    :( saya dalam tahap awal kehamilan (5minggu)saat mendapatkan asupan asam folat dari dokter..agak terlambat ya..lalu apakah masih bisa terkejar secara optimal dengan cara memperbanyak asupan folat selama hamil???

  • Pointer Men's Basketball said:

    Maybe you should edit the post subject title Kekurangan Asam Folat pada ibu hamil – Cacat Pada Bayi | bayi dan anak to more generic for your blog post you make. I loved the post all the same.

  • tuinlantaarn said:

    I am searching for something different but this got my attention :-)

  • cinta minyak said:

    tepung terigu dijadikan gorengan seperti bakwan, pisang goreng dll, apakah mengurangi manfaat asam folat nya ..?

    terima kasih ^_^

    ——————————–

    Silakan kunjungi -> PERTAMINA

  • bdFzjLBMrg said:

    buy xanax overnight delivery xanax side effects yahoo answers – xanax dosage milligrams

  • QaUQbuOQUY said:

    soma drug generic version of soma – carisoprodol controlled

  • jBJ6596eSBo258n said:

    When I first saw this title Kekurangan Asam Folat pada ibu hamil – Cacat Pada Bayi | bayi dan anak on google I just whent and bookmark it. I am tottaly a new fan of that blog! I enjoy blogs and am happy to find this place where i can gush about all things!
    uKristenBoeB

  • http://www.wiisalg.dk/kvinder-nike-air-max-87-sko-05-gr-lilla-p-640.html said:

    I don’t know if it’s just me or if perhaps everyone else encountering problems with your blog.
    It appears as if some of the written text on your content
    are running off the screen. Can someone else please provide feedback and let me know if this is happening to them too?
    This may be a issue with my browser because I’ve
    had this happen previously. Thanks

  • nanoo said:

    What user friendly WordPress text editing program should I use that is a free download?

  • Janet said:

    This piece of writing will assist the internet people for building up new webpage or even a blog from start to end.

    Here is my blog post league of legends skin codes (Janet)

  • Angry Birds Epic Hack Cheat Tool said:

    These are actually impressive ideas in concerning blogging.
    You have touched some pleasant things here.
    Any way keep up wrinting.

    My website :: Angry Birds Epic Hack Cheat Tool

  • induce sleep said:

    I have been exploring for a little for any high quality
    articles or blpg posts in this sort of house . Exploring
    in Yahoo I eventually stumbled upon this site. Reading this info So i aam glad to exhibit that I’ve
    an incredibly good uncanny feeling I discovered just what
    I needed. I such a llot indubijtably will make certain to don?t forget thos
    web site and provides it a glance on a constant basis.

    Feel free too visit my web-site – induce sleep

  • Shoes operate said:

    Ich b?nn gerade zufaellig auf Ihrer Seite gelandet (war auf der Suche nach einer
    anreren Websiete). Ich moechhte diese websiete nicht verlassen, obne Dir eein Loob zu
    dieser klar strukturierten und s?hi?k designten Page zu hinterlassen!

    Check out my blog post; Shoes operate

  • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OIfaBwwcN3A said:

    This paragraph is genuinely a pleasant one it helps new web visitors,
    who are wishing in favor of blogging.

    my web-site; http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OIfaBwwcN3A

  • dafabet said:

    It’s aweesome for me to have a webb page, which is vaaluable in support of my
    know-how. thanks admin

    My web site: dafabet

  • fun88 link said:

    My partner and I stumbled over here by a diffeerent web address and thought I may as well
    check things out. I like whatt I see so noow i’m following
    you. Look forward to finding out about your web age repeatedly.

    My web page :: fun88 link

  • christian hudson girlfriend activation system free said:

    Spot on with this write-up, I absolutely believe this amazing site needs a lot more attention. I’ll probably be back again to read more, thanks for the information!

    Review my page christian hudson girlfriend activation system free

  • girlfriend activation system testimonials said:

    Keep on working, great job!

    Take a look at my weblog :: girlfriend activation system testimonials

  • the social man girlfriend activation system said:

    Spot on with this write-up, I truly believe this site needs much more attention. I’ll probably be back again to
    read more, thanks for the advice!

    Stop by my weblog :: the social man girlfriend activation system

  • Freda said:

    Hi i am kavin, its my first time to commenting anyplace,
    when i read this post i thought i could also make comment due to this sensible article.

    my web site weight reduction (Freda)

  • Simone said:

    It’s truly very complex in this busy life to listen news on TV, therefore I only use web
    for that purpose, and take the latest news.

    My website :: weight loss diet (Simone)

  • cara Diet Alami said:

    If you want to improve your know-how simply keep visiting this web page
    and be updated with the most recent news posted here.

  • cara menghitung kesuburan istri said:

    On the other hand, the second one works the same way except that it only detects if ovulation has
    already passed. It is important to choose a good fertility clinic since you will
    work with them intimately if you happen to require their help.
    For most women, the prime age range for fertility is within their 20′s.

  • slimfy ingredients said:

    I feel that is among the so much vital info for me. And i’m
    happy studying your article. However wanna remark on few basic things, The site taste is great, the articles is actually excellent :
    D. Just right process, cheers

    Feel free to visit my homepage: slimfy ingredients

  • pinterest said:

    It should come as no surprise, then, that Pinterest is
    fast becoming a top social networking tool. To add an exciting note
    to this aspect, popular public figures and top level politicians
    are now harnessing the potential of this tool for their specific purposes.
    The “following” and “followers” selection operates
    in the same fashion as Google+ and Twitter.

  • verkosta said:

    From where can I copyright the material on my website content and all and will it be free or cost me anything?.

  • nike free 5.0 damen black said:

    not that much of a online reader to be honest but your sites really nice, keep it up! I’ll go ahead and bookmark your website to come back in the future. All the best
    nike free 5.0 damen black http://www.centi.org/?keyword=nike-free-5.0-damen-black&id=2220

  • billig nike shox schuhe said:

    Hey there! This is my 1st comment here so I just wanted to give a quick shout out and say I truly enjoy reading through your posts. Can you suggest any other blogs/websites/forums that cover the same topics? Appreciate it!
    billig nike shox schuhe http://www.teatimeinvirginia.com/?keyword=billig-nike-shox-schuhe&id=4927

  • air max 1 tape said:

    Music began playing as soon as I opened this webpage, so annoying!
    air max 1 tape http://www.simonsindustrial.com/?keyword=air-max-1-tape&id=1513

  • cheap bailey button triplet metallic gray ugg boots said:

    Yesterday, while I was at work, my sister stole my apple ipad and tested to see if it can survive a 40 foot drop, just so she can be a youtube sensation. My apple ipad is now broken and she has 83 views. I know this is completely off topic but I had to share it with someone!
    cheap bailey button triplet metallic gray ugg boots http://adamsism.com/hosting/index.asp?shop=cheap-bailey-button-triplet-metallic-gray-ugg-boots&id=4391

Leave your response!

Add your comment below, or trackback from your own site. You can also subscribe to these comments via RSS.

Be nice. Keep it clean. Stay on topic. No spam.

You can use these tags:
<a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>

This is a Gravatar-enabled weblog. To get your own globally-recognized-avatar, please register at Gravatar.